How to get Australian Citizenship

Australian Citizenship

Australia has become one of the most popular places to live owing to its thriving economy, excellent quality of life, breath-taking landscapes and large expat population. Here’s how you could become an Australian citizen.

The most common ways to gain Australian citizenship are through birth and conferral (naturalisation). However, there are some other paths. Here’s a full list:

  • - Birth
  • - Conferral
  • - Descent
  • - Adoption
  • - Resume citizenship
    • Australian citizenship by birth

      Most people born in Australia between 26 January 1949 and 20 August 1986 are Australian citizens by birth. If you were born in Australia after 20 August 1986, you aren’t automatically entitled to Australian citizenship. The nationality and residency status of your parents will determine whether you can make a claim to citizenship.

      Australian citizenship by conferral

      This means you can apply for and get Australian citizenship if you are an Australia permanent resident, and would like to become a citizen.

      Citizenship by conferral is the most common way of getting Australian citizenship so here’s more information about it. The path from Australia permanent resident to citizen involves several steps. The first step is to check you meet all the Australian citizenship requirements. Here are the eligibility requirements for citizenship by conferral:

      • Residence: Applicants must have lived in Australia for the last 4 years, and have spent at least 12 months of that time as an Australia permanent resident.
      • Citizenship test: if you’re applying for Australian citizenship, you’ll need to take a test based on the values, traditions, history, and national symbols of Australia. This test helps you get a better understanding of how to be a citizen of Australia.
      • Character: applicants for Australian citizenship should be of ‘good character’ and have qualities that show the Australian government they will obey the laws of Australia.
      • Commitment to Australia: Applicants must plan to continue residing in Australia or maintain close connections to the country.

      Australian citizenship by descent

      If one of your parents was an Australian citizen at the time of your birth, you’re entitled to claim Australian citizenship, irrespective of your country of birth. Your birth will need to have occurred on or after 26 January 1949, or through an international surrogacy arrangement. If you’re over the age of 18, you’ll have to show that you’re of “good character”.

      If a parent later loses their Australian citizenship for whatever reason, you continue to remain an Australian citizen.

      Australian citizenship by adoption

      If you were born outside of Australia, but were adopted by an Australian citizen, you may qualify for Australian citizenship by adoption.

      If you select this route, you must meet the requirements listed below:

      • - Those born to a former Australian citizen
      • - Persons born in Papua New Guinea before independence in 1975
      • - People born in Australia and are stateless
      • - At least one of your adoptive parents must be an Australian citizen at the time of your adoption
      • - If your adoptive parent became an Australian citizen by descent or adoption, they must’ve spent minimum total of two years in the country
      • - You must provide a valid adoption compliance certificate
      • If you’re over the age of 18, you’ll have to show that you’re of “good character”

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